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Jupiter
Orbit data - Object data - Atmosphere - Mythology - Satellites - Ring system - Links Go to the bottom of the page
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Photo of the planet Jupiter
Jupiter

Hide this area Orbit data
Mean distance from the star Sun 778.330.000 km
5,2028 AU
Minimum distance from the star Sun (perihelion) 740.509.500 km
Maximum distance from the star Sun (aphelion) 816.355.600 km
Orbital period around the star Sun (sideric) 11,85652 y
Orbital period around the star Sun (synodic) 398,88 d
Mean orbital velocity 13,6987 km/s
Orbital inclination 1,3053 °
Eccentricity of the orbit around the star Sun 0,0489
Hide this area Object data
Mass 1,8986 × 1027 kg
Equatorial radius 71.492 km
Oblateness 0,06487
Mean density 1,326 g/cm³
Escape velocity 59,366 km/s
Surface force of gravity 24,79 m/s²
Tilt of axis 3,13 °
Rotational period 9,925 h
Equatorial rotational velocity 45.259,5 km/h
Mean surface temperature 165 K
Minimum surface temperature 110 K
Albedo 0,52
Apparent magnitude - 2,7 mvis
Hide this area Atmosphere
89,8 %   Hydrogen (H2)
10,2 %   Helium (He)
0,3 %   Methane (CH4)
0,026 %   Ammonia (NH3)
  Ethane (C2H6)
  Water vapor (H2O)
Hide this area Mythology

Zeus, the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea, he was the supreme ruler of Mount Olympus and of the Pantheon of gods who resided there. The roman god Jupiter is identical to the greek god Zeus.

Zeus was a celestial god, and originally worshiped as a weather god by the Greek tribes. He has always been associated as being a weather god, as his main attribute is the thunderbolt, he controlled thunder, lightning and rain.

Symbol of mythology for Jupiter
Hide this area Satellites
No.  Name Distance Eccentricity Radius Mass
1 Io Io 421600 421.600 km 0.0041 0,0041 1821.6 1821,6 km 22.8932 8,932 × 1022 kg
2 II  Europe Europe 670900 670.900 km 0.0101 0,0101 1560.8 1560,8 km 22.48 4,8 × 1022 kg
3 III  Ganymede Ganymede 1070400 1.070.400 km 0.0015 0,0015 2631.2 2631,2 km 23.14819 1,4819 × 1023 kg
4 IV  Callisto Callisto 1882700 1.882.700 km 0.007 0,007 2410.3 2410,3 km 23.10759 1,0759 × 1023 kg
5 Amalthea Amalthea 181400 181.400 km 0.003 0,003 131 131 × 73 × 67 km 18.717 7,17 × 1018 kg
6 VI  Himalia Himalia 11460000 11.460.000 km 0.162 0,162 85 85 km 18.956 9,56 × 1018 kg
7 VII  Elara Elara 11737000 11.737.000 km 0.217 0,217 40 40 km 17.777 7,77 × 1017 kg
8 VIII  Pasiphae Pasiphae 23620000 23.620.000 km 0.409 0,409 18 18 km 17.191 1,91 × 1017 kg
9 IX  Sinope Sinope 23940000 23.940.000 km 0.250 0,250 14 14 km 16.777 7,77 × 1016 kg
10 Lysithea Lysithea 11720000 11.720.000 km 0.112 0,112 12 12 km 16.777 7,77 × 1016 kg
11 XI  Carme Carme 23400000 23.400.000 km 0.253 0,253 15 15 km 16.956 9,56 × 1016 kg
12 XII  Ananke Ananke 21280000 21.280.000 km 0.244 0,244 10 10 km 16.382 3,82 × 1016 kg
13 XIII  Leda Leda 11170000 11.170.000 km 0.164 0,164 5 5 km 15.568 5,68 × 1015 kg
14 XIV  Thebe Thebe 221900 221.900 km 0.018 0,018 55 55 × 45 km 17.777 7,77 × 1017 kg
15 XV  Adrastea Adrastea 129000 129.000 km 0.0015 0,0015 13 13 × 10 × 8 km 16.191 1,91 × 1016 kg
16 XVI  Metis Metis 128000 128.000 km 0.0002 0,0002 20 20 km 16.956 9,56 × 1016 kg
17 XVII  Callirrhoe Callirrhoe 24100000 24.100.000 km 0.283 0,283 4 4 km 14.87 8,7 × 1014 kg
18 XVIII  Themisto Themisto 7507000 7.507.000 km 0.242 0,242 4 4 km 14.69 6,9 × 1014 kg
19 XIX  Megaclite Megaclite 23810000 23.810.000 km 0.425 0,425 2.7 2,7 km 14.21 2,1 × 1014 kg
20 XX  Taygete Taygete 23360000 23.360.000 km 0.251 0,251 2.5 2,5 km 14.16 1,6 × 1014 kg
21 XXI  Chaldene Chaldene 23180000 23.180.000 km 0.238 0,238 1.9 1,9 km 13.75 7,5 × 1013 kg
22 XXII  Harpalyke Harpalyke 21110000 21.110.000 km 0.227 0,227 2.2 2,2 km 14.12 1,2 × 1014 kg
23 XXIII  Kalyke Kalyke 23580000 23.580.000 km 0.243 0,243 2.6 2,6 km 14.19 1,9 × 1014 kg
24 XXIV  Iocaste Iocaste 21270000 21.270.000 km 0.218 0,218 2.6 2,6 km 14.19 1,9 × 1014 kg
25 XXV  Erinome Erinome 23280000 23.280.000 km 0.270 0,270 1.6 1,6 km 13.45 4,5 × 1013 kg
26 XXVI  Isonoe Isonoe 23220000 23.220.000 km 0.261 0,261 1.9 1,9 km 13.75 7,5 × 1013 kg
27 XXVII  Praxidike Praxidike 21150000 21.150.000 km 0.220 0,220 3.4 3,4 km 14.43 4,3 × 1014 kg
28 XXVIII  Autonoe Autonoe 23039000 23.039.000 km 0.334 0,334 2 2,0 km 13.9 9,0 × 1013 kg
29 XXIX  Thyone Thyone 20940000 20.940.000 km 0.229 0,229 2 2,0 km 13.9 9,0 × 1013 kg
30 XXX  Hermippe Hermippe 21131000 21.131.000 km 0.210 0,210 2 2,0 km 13.9 9,0 × 1013 kg
31 XXXI  Aitne Aitne 23231000 23.231.000 km 0.264 0,264 1.5 1,5 km 13.45 4,5 × 1013 kg
32 XXXII  Eurydome Eurydome 22865000 22.865.000 km 0.276 0,276 1.5 1,5 km 13.45 4,5 × 1013 kg
33 XXXIII  Euanthe Euanthe 20721000 20.721.000 km 0.232 0,232 1.5 1,5 km 13.45 4,5 × 1013 kg
34 XXXIV  Euporie Euporie 19302000 19.302.000 km 0.144 0,144 1 1,0 km 13.15 1,5 × 1013 kg
35 XXXV  Orthosie Orthosie 20721000 20.721.000 km 0.281 0,281 1 1,0 km 13.15 1,5 × 1013 kg
36 XXXVI  Sponde Sponde 23487000 23.487.000 km 0.312 0,312 1 1,0 km 13.15 1,5 × 1013 kg
37 XXXVII  Kale Kale 23217000 23.217.000 km 0.260 0,260 1 1,0 km 13.15 1,5 × 1013 kg
38 XXXVIII  Pasithee Pasithee 23096000 23.096.000 km 0.267 0,267 1 1,0 km 13.15 1,5 × 1013 kg
39 XXXIX  Hegemone Hegemone 23947000 23.947.000 km 0.328 0,328 1.5 1,5 km 13.45 4,5 × 1013 kg
40 XL  Mneme Mneme 21069000 21.069.000 km 0.227 0,227 1 1,0 km 13.15 1,5 × 1013 kg
41 XLI  Aoede Aoede 23981000 23.981.000 km 0.432 0,432 2 2,0 km 13.9 9,0 × 1013 kg
42 XLII  Thelxinoe Thelxinoe 21162000 21.162.000 km 0.221 0,221 1 1,0 km 13.15 1,5 × 1013 kg
43 XLIII  Arche Arche 22931000 22.931.000 km 0.259 0,259 1.5 1,5 km 13.45 4,5 × 1013 kg
44 XLIV  Kallichore Kallichore 24043000 24.043.000 km 0.264 0,264 1 1,0 km 13.15 1,5 × 1013 kg
45 XLV  Helike Helike 21263000 21.263.000 km 0.156 0,156 2 2,0 km 13.9 9,0 × 1013 kg
46 XLVI  Carpo Carpo 16989000 16.989.000 km 0.430 0,430 1.5 1,5 km 13.45 4,5 × 1013 kg
47 XLVII  Eukelade Eukelade 23661000 23.661.000 km 0.272 0,272 2 2,0 km 13.9 9,0 × 1013 kg
48 XLVIII  Cyllene Cyllene 24349000 24.349.000 km 0.319 0,319 1 1,0 km 13.15 1,5 × 1013 kg
49 XLIX  Kore Kore 24543000 24.543.000 km 0.325 0,325 1 1,0 km 13.15 1,5 × 1013 kg
Hide this area Ring system
Name Distance Width Thickness Mass Albedo
Halo Halo 100000 100.000 km 22000 22.000 km 0.05 0,05
Main Main 122000 122.000 km 7000 7.000 km 30 < 30 km 13.1 1,0 × 1013 kg 0.05 0,05
Inner Gossamer Inner Gossamer 129200 129.200 km 52800 52.800 km 0.05 0,05
Outer Gossamer Outer Gossamer 182000 182.000 km 42900 42.900 km 0.05 0,05
Hide this area Links
File icon Gustav Holst: The Planets - Jupiter: The Bringer of Jollity (131 kB)
 
File icon NASA Spacelink - Solar System Lithograph Set - Our Solar System
Lithograph number LG-2001-08-02-HQ (~ 3400 kB)
File icon STScI/NASA (Hubble Space Telescope) - Jupiter Storms
800 × 800 (47 kB)
File icon STScI/NASA (Hubble Space Telescope) - Jupiter
Link to the page "Views of the Solar System"
File icon NASA (Voyager, Galileo) - The Jupiter System
© Calvin J. Hamilton ("Views of the Solar System")
File icon Welcome to the Planets
Online version of the "Planetary Data System Educational CD-ROM"
File icon A Multimedia Tour of the Solar System - The Nine Planets
© William A. Arnett
© 2016 by Bernd Onasch - Imprint Go to the top of the page
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